An Examination of Deep-Learning Based Landmark Detection Methods on Thermal Face Imagery

Domenick Poster, Shuowen Hu, Nasser Nasrabadi, Benjamin Riggan; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2019, pp. 0-0

Abstract


Thermal-to-visible face verification algorithms commonly require pre-aligned images. However, thermal images with their low contrast, low resolution, and lack of textural information have proven a challenging obstacle for the detection of the fiducial landmarks used for image alignment. This paper studies the ability of modern landmark detection algorithms to cope with the adversarial conditions present in the thermal domain by exploring the strengths and weaknesses of three deep-learning based landmark detection architectures originally developed for visible images: the Deep Alignment Network (DAN), Multi-task Convolutional Neural Network (MTCNN), and a Multi-class Patch-based fully-convolutional neural network (PBC). Our experiments yield a normalized mean squared error of 0.04 at an offset distance of 2.5 meters using the DAN architecture, indicating an ability for cascaded shape regression neural networks to adapt to thermal images. However, we find that even small alignment errors disproportionately reduce correct recognition rates. With images aligned using the best performing model, an 8.2% drop in EER is observed as compared with ground truth alignments, leaving further room for improvement in this area.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Poster_2019_CVPR_Workshops,
author = {Poster, Domenick and Hu, Shuowen and Nasrabadi, Nasser and Riggan, Benjamin},
title = {An Examination of Deep-Learning Based Landmark Detection Methods on Thermal Face Imagery},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}