Divergence Triangle for Joint Training of Generator Model, Energy-Based Model, and Inferential Model

Tian Han, Erik Nijkamp, Xiaolin Fang, Mitch Hill, Song-Chun Zhu, Ying Nian Wu; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 8670-8679

Abstract


This paper proposes the divergence triangle as a framework for joint training of a generator model, energy-based model and inference model. The divergence triangle is a compact and symmetric (anti-symmetric) objective function that seamlessly integrates variational learning, adversarial learning, wake-sleep algorithm, and contrastive divergence in a unified probabilistic formulation. This unification makes the processes of sampling, inference, and energy evaluation readily available without the need for costly Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. Our experiments demonstrate that the divergence triangle is capable of learning (1) an energy-based model with well-formed energy landscape, (2) direct sampling in the form of a generator network, and (3) feed-forward inference that faithfully reconstructs observed as well as synthesized data.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Han_2019_CVPR,
author = {Han, Tian and Nijkamp, Erik and Fang, Xiaolin and Hill, Mitch and Zhu, Song-Chun and Wu, Ying Nian},
title = {Divergence Triangle for Joint Training of Generator Model, Energy-Based Model, and Inferential Model},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}