GQA: A New Dataset for Real-World Visual Reasoning and Compositional Question Answering

Drew A. Hudson, Christopher D. Manning; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 6700-6709

Abstract


We introduce GQA, a new dataset for real-world visual reasoning and compositional question answering, seeking to address key shortcomings of previous VQA datasets. We have developed a strong and robust question engine that leverages Visual Genome scene graph structures to create 22M diverse reasoning questions, which all come with functional programs that represent their semantics. We use the programs to gain tight control over the answer distribution and present a new tunable smoothing technique to mitigate question biases. Accompanying the dataset is a suite of new metrics that evaluate essential qualities such as consistency, grounding and plausibility. A careful analysis is performed for baselines as well as state-of-the-art models, providing fine-grained results for different question types and topologies. Whereas a blind LSTM obtains a mere 42.1%, and strong VQA models achieve 54.1%, human performance tops at 89.3%, offering ample opportunity for new research to explore. We hope GQA will provide an enabling resource for the next generation of models with enhanced robustness, improved consistency, and deeper semantic understanding of vision and language.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Hudson_2019_CVPR,
author = {Hudson, Drew A. and Manning, Christopher D.},
title = {GQA: A New Dataset for Real-World Visual Reasoning and Compositional Question Answering},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}