Self-Supervised Spatio-Temporal Representation Learning for Videos by Predicting Motion and Appearance Statistics

Jiangliu Wang, Jianbo Jiao, Linchao Bao, Shengfeng He, Yunhui Liu, Wei Liu; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 4006-4015

Abstract


We address the problem of video representation learning without human-annotated labels. While previous efforts address the problem by designing novel self-supervised tasks using video data, the learned features are merely on a frame-by-frame basis, which are not applicable to many video analytic tasks where spatio-temporal features are prevailing. In this paper we propose a novel self-supervised approach to learn spatio-temporal features for video representation. Inspired by the success of two-stream approaches in video classification, we propose to learn visual features by regressing both motion and appearance statistics along spatial and temporal dimensions, given only the input video data. Specifically, we extract statistical concepts (fast-motion region and the corresponding dominant direction, spatio-temporal color diversity, dominant color, etc.) from simple patterns in both spatial and temporal domains. Unlike prior puzzles that are even hard for humans to solve, the proposed approach is consistent with human inherent visual habits and therefore easy to answer. We conduct extensive experiments with C3D to validate the effectiveness of our proposed approach. The experiments show that our approach can significantly improve the performance of C3D when applied to video classification tasks. Code is available at https://github.com/laura-wang/video_repres_mas.

Related Material


[pdf]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Wang_2019_CVPR,
author = {Wang, Jiangliu and Jiao, Jianbo and Bao, Linchao and He, Shengfeng and Liu, Yunhui and Liu, Wei},
title = {Self-Supervised Spatio-Temporal Representation Learning for Videos by Predicting Motion and Appearance Statistics},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}