Visual Query Answering by Entity-Attribute Graph Matching and Reasoning

Peixi Xiong, Huayi Zhan, Xin Wang, Baivab Sinha, Ying Wu; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 8357-8366

Abstract


Visual Query Answering (VQA) is of great significance in offering people convenience: one can raise a question for details of objects, or high-level understanding about the scene, over an image. This paper proposes a novel method to address the VQA problem. In contrast to prior works, our method that targets single scene VQA, replies on graph-based techniques and involves reasoning. In a nutshell, our approach is centered on three graphs. The first graph, referred to as inference graph G_I, is constructed via learning over labeled data. The other two graphs, referred to as query graph Q and entity-attribute graph EAG, are generated from natural language query NLQ and image Img, that are issued from users, respectively. As EAG often does not take sufficient information to answer Q, we develop techniques to infer missing information of EAG with G_I. Based on EAG and Q, we provide techniques to find matches of Q in EAG, as the answer of NLQ in Img. Unlike commonly used VQA methods that are based on end-to-end neural networks, our graph-based method shows well-designed reasoning capability, and thus is highly interpretable. We also create a dataset on soccer match (Soccer-VQA) with rich annotations. The experimental results show that our approach outperforms the state-of-the-art method and has high potential for future investigation.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Xiong_2019_CVPR,
author = {Xiong, Peixi and Zhan, Huayi and Wang, Xin and Sinha, Baivab and Wu, Ying},
title = {Visual Query Answering by Entity-Attribute Graph Matching and Reasoning},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}