Enhancing Diversity of Defocus Blur Detectors via Cross-Ensemble Network

Wenda Zhao, Bowen Zheng, Qiuhua Lin, Huchuan Lu; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 8905-8913

Abstract


Defocus blur detection (DBD) is a fundamental yet challenging topic, since the homogeneous region is obscure and the transition from the focused area to the unfocused region is gradual. Recent DBD methods make progress through exploring deeper or wider networks with the expense of high memory and computation. In this paper, we propose a novel learning strategy by breaking DBD problem into multiple smaller defocus blur detectors and thus estimate errors can cancel out each other. Our focus is the diversity enhancement via cross-ensemble network. Specifically, we design an end-to-end network composed of two logical parts: feature extractor network (FENet) and defocus blur detector cross-ensemble network (DBD-CENet). FENet is constructed to extract low-level features. Then the features are fed into DBD-CENet containing two parallel-branches for learning two groups of defocus blur detectors. For each individual, we design cross-negative and self-negative correlations and an error function to enhance ensemble diversity and balance individual accuracy. Finally, the multiple defocus blur detectors are combined with a uniformly weighted average to obtain the final DBD map. Experimental results indicate the superiority of our method in terms of accuracy and speed when compared with several state-of-the-art methods.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Zhao_2019_CVPR,
author = {Zhao, Wenda and Zheng, Bowen and Lin, Qiuhua and Lu, Huchuan},
title = {Enhancing Diversity of Defocus Blur Detectors via Cross-Ensemble Network},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2019}
}