An Analysis of How Driver Experience Affects Eye-Gaze Behavior for Robotic Wheelchair Operation

Yamato Maekawa, Naoki Akai, Takatsugu Hirayama, Luis Yoichi Morales, Daisuke Deguchi, Yasutomo Kawanishi, Ichiro Ide, Hiroshi Murase; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 0-0


Drivers obtain information on surrounding environment using their eyesights. Experienced eye-gaze behavior is needed when driving at places where multiple risks exist to prepare for and avoid them. In this work, we analyze the change in eye-gaze behavior in such situations while a driver gains experience on the operation of a robotic wheelchair. Accurate distance information in the traffic environment is important to analyze the eye-gaze behavior. However, almost all previous works analyze eye-gaze behavior in a 2D environment, so they could not obtain accurate distance information. For this reason, we analyze eye-gaze behavior in 3D space. Concretely, we developed a novel eye-gaze behavior analysis platform based on a robotic wheelchair and estimated the driver's attention in 3D space. We try to analyze the eye-gaze behavior considering a useful field-of-view in 3D space based on the distance information instead of only the fixation point to investigate the objects that a driver implicitly pays attention to and from where s/he focuses on them. Results show that novice drivers pay attention to a single risk at a time. In contrast, they pay more attention to multiple risks simultaneously as they gain experience. Additionally, we discuss what features are effective to model the eye-gaze behavior based on the results.

Related Material

author = {Maekawa, Yamato and Akai, Naoki and Hirayama, Takatsugu and Yoichi Morales, Luis and Deguchi, Daisuke and Kawanishi, Yasutomo and Ide, Ichiro and Murase, Hiroshi},
title = {An Analysis of How Driver Experience Affects Eye-Gaze Behavior for Robotic Wheelchair Operation},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops},
month = {Oct},
year = {2019}