Learning Fixed Points in Generative Adversarial Networks: From Image-to-Image Translation to Disease Detection and Localization

Md Mahfuzur Rahman Siddiquee, Zongwei Zhou, Nima Tajbakhsh, Ruibin Feng, Michael B. Gotway, Yoshua Bengio, Jianming Liang; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 191-200

Abstract


Generative adversarial networks (GANs) have ushered in a revolution in image-to-image translation. The development and proliferation of GANs raises an interesting question: can we train a GAN to remove an object, if present, from an image while otherwise preserving the image? Specifically, can a GAN "virtually heal" anyone by turning his medical image, with an unknown health status (diseased or healthy), into a healthy one, so that diseased regions could be revealed by subtracting those two images? Such a task requires a GAN to identify a minimal subset of target pixels for domain translation, an ability that we call fixed-point translation, which no GAN is equipped with yet. Therefore, we propose a new GAN, called Fixed-Point GAN, trained by (1) supervising same-domain translation through a conditional identity loss, and (2) regularizing cross-domain translation through revised adversarial, domain classification, and cycle consistency loss. Based on fixed-point translation, we further derive a novel framework for disease detection and localization using only image-level annotation. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the state of the art in multi-domain image-to-image translation and that it surpasses predominant weakly-supervised localization methods in both disease detection and localization. Implementation is available at https://github.com/jlianglab/Fixed-Point-GAN.

Related Material


[pdf] [supp]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Siddiquee_2019_ICCV,
author = {Siddiquee, Md Mahfuzur Rahman and Zhou, Zongwei and Tajbakhsh, Nima and Feng, Ruibin and Gotway, Michael B. and Bengio, Yoshua and Liang, Jianming},
title = {Learning Fixed Points in Generative Adversarial Networks: From Image-to-Image Translation to Disease Detection and Localization},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}
}