Uncertainty-Aware Audiovisual Activity Recognition Using Deep Bayesian Variational Inference

Mahesh Subedar, Ranganath Krishnan, Paulo Lopez Meyer, Omesh Tickoo, Jonathan Huang; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 6301-6310


Deep neural networks (DNNs) provide state-of-the-art results for a multitude of applications, but the approaches using DNNs for multimodal audiovisual applications do not consider predictive uncertainty associated with individual modalities. Bayesian deep learning methods provide principled confidence and quantify predictive uncertainty. Our contribution in this work is to propose an uncertainty aware multimodal Bayesian fusion framework for activity recognition. We demonstrate a novel approach that combines deterministic and variational layers to scale Bayesian DNNs to deeper architectures. Our experiments using in- and out-of-distribution samples selected from a subset of Moments-in-Time (MiT) dataset show a more reliable confidence measure as compared to the non-Bayesian baseline and the Monte Carlo dropout (MC dropout) approximate Bayesian inference. We also demonstrate the uncertainty estimates obtained from the proposed framework can identify out-of-distribution data on the UCF101 and MiT datasets. In the multimodal setting, the proposed framework improved precision-recall AUC by 10.2% on the subset of MiT dataset as compared to non-Bayesian baseline.

Related Material

author = {Subedar, Mahesh and Krishnan, Ranganath and Meyer, Paulo Lopez and Tickoo, Omesh and Huang, Jonathan},
title = {Uncertainty-Aware Audiovisual Activity Recognition Using Deep Bayesian Variational Inference},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}