DUP-Net: Denoiser and Upsampler Network for 3D Adversarial Point Clouds Defense

Hang Zhou, Kejiang Chen, Weiming Zhang, Han Fang, Wenbo Zhou, Nenghai Yu; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019, pp. 1961-1970

Abstract


Neural networks are vulnerable to adversarial examples, which poses a threat to their application in security sensitive systems. We propose a Denoiser and UPsampler Network (DUP-Net) structure as defenses for 3D adversarial point cloud classification, where the two modules reconstruct surface smoothness by dropping or adding points. In this paper, statistical outlier removal (SOR) and a data-driven upsampling network are considered as denoiser and upsampler respectively. Compared with baseline defenses, DUP-Net has three advantages. First, with DUP-Net as a defense, the target model is more robust to white-box adversarial attacks. Second, the statistical outlier removal provides added robustness since it is a non-differentiable denoising operation. Third, the upsampler network can be trained on a small dataset and defends well against adversarial attacks generated from other point cloud datasets. We conduct various experiments to validate that DUP-Net is very effective as defense in practice. Our best defense eliminates 83.8% of C&W and l2 loss based attack (point shifting), 50.0% of C&W and Hausdorff distance loss based attack (point adding) and 9.0% of saliency map based attack (point dropping) under 200 dropped points on PointNet.

Related Material


[pdf]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Zhou_2019_ICCV,
author = {Zhou, Hang and Chen, Kejiang and Zhang, Weiming and Fang, Han and Zhou, Wenbo and Yu, Nenghai},
title = {DUP-Net: Denoiser and Upsampler Network for 3D Adversarial Point Clouds Defense},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {October},
year = {2019}
}