Nonparametric Structure Regularization Machine for 2D Hand Pose Estimation

Yifei Chen, Haoyu Ma, Deying Kong, Xiangyi Yan, Jianbao Wu, Wei Fan, Xiaohui Xie; The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2020, pp. 381-390

Abstract


Hand pose estimation is more challenging than body pose estimation due to severe articulation, self-occlusion and high dexterity of the hand. Current approaches often rely on a popular body pose algorithm, such as the Convolutional Pose Machine (CPM), to learn 2D keypoint features. These algorithms cannot adequately address the unique challenges of hand pose estimation, because they are trained solely based on keypoint positions without seeking to explicitly model structural relationship between them. We propose a novel Nonparametric Structure Regularization Machine (NSRM) for 2D hand pose estimation, adopting a cascade multi-task architecture to learn hand structure and keypoint representations jointly. The structure learning is guided by synthetic hand mask representations, which are directly computed from keypoint positions, and is further strengthened by a novel probabilistic representation of hand limbs and an anatomically inspired composition strategy of mask synthesis. We conduct extensive studies on two public datasets - OneHand 10k and CMU Panoptic Hand. Experimental results demonstrate that explicitly enforcing structure learning consistently improves pose estimation accuracy of CPM baseline models, by 1.17% on the first dataset and 4.01% on the second one. The implementation and experiment code is freely available online. Our proposal of incorporating structural learning to hand pose estimation requires no additional training information, and can be a generic add-on module to other pose estimation models.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Chen_2020_WACV,
author = {Chen, Yifei and Ma, Haoyu and Kong, Deying and Yan, Xiangyi and Wu, Jianbao and Fan, Wei and Xie, Xiaohui},
title = {Nonparametric Structure Regularization Machine for 2D Hand Pose Estimation},
booktitle = {The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
month = {March},
year = {2020}
}