Can a CNN Automatically Learn the Significance of Minutiae Points for Fingerprint Matching?

Anurag Chowdhury, Simon Kirchgasser, Andreas Uhl, Arun Ross; The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2020, pp. 351-359

Abstract


Most automated fingerprint recognition systems use minutiae points for comparing fingerprints. In the parlance of Computer Vision, minutiae can be viewed as handcrafted features, i.e., features that have been proposed by human experts for the task of fingerprint recognition. In this work, we raise the following question: Can a machine learning system automatically determine the significance of minutiae points for fingerprint matching? To this effect, a patch-based Siamese Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), which does not explicitly rely on the extraction of minutiae points, is designed and trained from scratch. The purpose of this network is to learn the most effective features for matching fingerprint images. The features learned by this network are analyzed using Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping (Grad-CAM) to determine if they correlate with the locations of minutiae points. Our experiments suggest that the proposed network automatically learns to focus on minutiae points, when available, for fingerprint matching. Thus, an automated learner without any explicit domain knowledge establishes the significance of minutiae points for fingerprint matching.

Related Material


[pdf]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Chowdhury_2020_WACV,
author = {Chowdhury, Anurag and Kirchgasser, Simon and Uhl, Andreas and Ross, Arun},
title = {Can a CNN Automatically Learn the Significance of Minutiae Points for Fingerprint Matching?},
booktitle = {The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
month = {March},
year = {2020}
}