Measuring the Utilization of Public Open Spaces by Deep Learning: a Benchmark Study at the Detroit Riverfront

Peng Sun, Rui Hou, Jerome Lynch; The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2020, pp. 2228-2237

Abstract


Physical activities and social interactions are essential activities that ensure a healthy lifestyle. Public open spaces (POS), such as parks, plazas and greenways, are key environments that encourage those activities. To evaluate a POS, there is a need to study how humans use the facilities within it. However, traditional approaches to studying use of POS are manual and therefore time and labor intensive. They also may only provide qualitative insights. It is appealing to make use of surveillance cameras and to extract user-related information through computer vision. This paper proposes a proof-of-concept deep learning computer vision framework for measuring human activities quantitatively in POS and demonstrates a case study of the proposed framework using the Detroit Riverfront Conservancy (DRFC) surveillance camera network. A custom image dataset is presented to train the framework; the dataset includes 7826 fully annotated images collected from 18 cameras across the DRFC park space under various illumination conditions. Dataset analysis is also provided as well as a baseline model for one-step user localization and activity recognition. The mAP results are 77.5% for pedestrian detection and 81.6% for cyclist detection. Behavioral maps are autonomously generated by the framework to locate different POS users and the average error for behavioral localization is within 10 cm.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Sun_2020_WACV,
author = {Sun, Peng and Hou, Rui and Lynch, Jerome},
title = {Measuring the Utilization of Public Open Spaces by Deep Learning: a Benchmark Study at the Detroit Riverfront},
booktitle = {The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
month = {March},
year = {2020}
}