Identifying Recurring Patterns with Deep Neural Networks for Natural Image Denoising

Zhihao Xia, Ayan Chakrabarti; The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2020, pp. 2426-2434

Abstract


Image denoising methods must effectively model, implicitly or explicitly, the vast diversity of patterns and textures that occur in natural images. This is challenging, even for modern methods that leverage deep neural networks trained to regress to clean images from noisy inputs. One recourse is to rely on "internal" image statistics, by searching for similar patterns within the input image itself. In this work, we propose a new method for natural image denoising that trains a deep neural network to determine whether patches in a noisy image input share common underlying patterns. Given a pair of noisy patches, our network predicts whether different sub-band coefficients of the original noise-free patches are similar. The denoising algorithm then aggregates matched coefficients to obtain an initial estimate of the clean image. Finally, this estimate is provided as input, along with the original noisy image, to a standard regression-based denoising network. Experiments show that our method achieves state-of-the-art color image denoising performance, including with a blind version that trains a common model for a range of noise levels, and does not require knowledge of level of noise in an input image. Our approach also has a distinct advantage when training with limited amounts of training data.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Xia_2020_WACV,
author = {Xia, Zhihao and Chakrabarti, Ayan},
title = {Identifying Recurring Patterns with Deep Neural Networks for Natural Image Denoising},
booktitle = {The IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)},
month = {March},
year = {2020}
}