Fast Approximate Inference in Higher Order MRF-MAP Labeling Problems

Chetan Arora, Subhashis Banerjee, Prem Kalra, S.N. Maheshwari; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2014, pp. 1338-1345

Abstract


Use of higher order clique potentials for modeling inference problems has exploded in last few years. The algorithmic schemes proposed so far do not scale well with increasing clique size, thus limiting their use to cliques of size at most 4 in practice. Generic Cuts (GC) of Arora et al. [9] shows that when potentials are submodular, inference problems can be solved optimally in polynomial time for fixed size cliques. In this paper we report an algorithm called Approximate Cuts (AC) which uses a generalization of the gadget of GC and provides an approximate solution to inference in 2-label MRF-MAP problems with cliques of size k ≥ 2. The algorithm gives optimal solution for submodular potentials. When potentials are non-submodular, we show that important properties such as weak persistency hold for solution inferred by AC. AC is a polynomial time primal dual approximation algorithm for fixed clique size. We show experimentally that AC not only provides significantly better solutions in practice, it is an order of magnitude faster than message passing schemes like Dual Decomposition [19] and GTRWS [17] or Reduction based techniques like [10, 13, 14].

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Arora_2014_CVPR,
author = {Arora, Chetan and Banerjee, Subhashis and Kalra, Prem and Maheshwari, S.N.},
title = {Fast Approximate Inference in Higher Order MRF-MAP Labeling Problems},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2014}
}