Unified Face Analysis by Iterative Multi-Output Random Forests

Xiaowei Zhao, Tae-Kyun Kim, Wenhan Luo; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2014, pp. 1765-1772


In this paper, we present a unified method for joint face image analysis, i.e., simultaneously estimating head pose, facial expression and landmark positions in real-world face images. To achieve this goal, we propose a novel iterative Multi-Output Random Forests (iMORF) algorithm, which explicitly models the relations among multiple tasks and iteratively exploits such relations to boost the performance of all tasks. Specifically, a hierarchical face analysis forest is learned to perform classification of pose and expression at the top level, while performing landmark positions regression at the bottom level. On one hand, the estimated pose and expression provide strong shape prior to constrain the variation of landmark positions. On the other hand, more discriminative shape-related features could be extracted from the estimated landmark positions to further improve the predictions of pose and expression. This relatedness of face analysis tasks is iteratively exploited through several cascaded hierarchical face analysis forests until convergence. Experiments conducted on publicly available real-world face datasets demonstrate that the performance of all individual tasks are significantly improved by the proposed iMORF algorithm. In addition, our method outperforms state-of-the-arts for all three face analysis tasks.

Related Material

author = {Zhao, Xiaowei and Kim, Tae-Kyun and Luo, Wenhan},
title = {Unified Face Analysis by Iterative Multi-Output Random Forests},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2014}