What's in a Question: Using Visual Questions as a Form of Supervision

Siddha Ganju, Olga Russakovsky, Abhinav Gupta; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017, pp. 241-250

Abstract


Collecting fully annotated image datasets is challenging and expensive. Many types of weak supervision have been explored: weak manual annotations, web search results, temporal continuity, ambient sound and others. We focus on one particular unexplored mode: visual questions that are asked about images. The key observation that inspires our work is that the question itself provides useful information about the image (even without the answer being available). For instance, the question "what is the breed of the dog?" informs the AI that the animal in the scene is a dog and that there is only one dog present. We make three contributions: (1) providing an extensive qualitative and quantitative analysis of the information contained in human visual questions, (2) proposing two simple but surprisingly effective modifications to the standard visual question answering models that allow them to make use of weak supervision in the form of unanswered questions associated with images and (3) demonstrating that a simple data augmentation strategy inspired by our insights results in a 7.1% improvement on the standard VQA benchmark.

Related Material


[pdf] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Ganju_2017_CVPR,
author = {Ganju, Siddha and Russakovsky, Olga and Gupta, Abhinav},
title = {What's in a Question: Using Visual Questions as a Form of Supervision},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {July},
year = {2017}
}