Combining Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Smoothness Cues for Weakly Supervised Image Segmentation

Anirban Roy, Sinisa Todorovic; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017, pp. 3529-3538

Abstract


This paper addresses the problem of weakly supervised semantic image segmentation. Our goal is to label every pixel in a new image, given only image-level object labels associated with training images. Our problem statement differs from common semantic segmentation, where pixel-wise annotations are typically assumed available in training. We specify a novel deep architecture which fuses three distinct computation processes toward semantic segmentation -- namely, (i) the bottom-up computation of neural activations in a CNN for the image-level prediction of object classes; (ii) the top-down estimation of conditional likelihoods of the CNN's activations given the predicted objects, resulting in probabilistic attention maps per object class; and (iii) the lateral attention-message passing from neighboring neurons at the same CNN layer. The fusion of (i)-(iii) is realized via a conditional random field as recurrent network aimed at generating a smooth and boundary-preserving segmentation. Unlike existing work, we formulate a unified end-to-end learning of all components of our deep architecture. Evaluation on the benchmark PASCAL VOC 2012 dataset demonstrates that we outperform reasonable weakly supervised baselines and state-of-the-art approaches.

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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Roy_2017_CVPR,
author = {Roy, Anirban and Todorovic, Sinisa},
title = {Combining Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Smoothness Cues for Weakly Supervised Image Segmentation},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {July},
year = {2017}
}