Crossing Nets: Combining GANs and VAEs With a Shared Latent Space for Hand Pose Estimation

Chengde Wan, Thomas Probst, Luc Van Gool, Angela Yao; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2017, pp. 680-689

Abstract


State-of-the-art methods for 3D hand pose estimation from depth images require large amounts of annotated training data. We propose modelling the statistical relationship of 3D hand poses and corresponding depth images using two deep generative models with a shared latent space. By design, our architecture allows for learning from unlabeled image data in a semi-supervised manner. Assuming a one-to-one mapping between a pose and a depth map, any given point in the shared latent space can be projected into both a hand pose or into a corresponding depth map. Regressing the hand pose can then be done by learning a discriminator to estimate the posterior of the latent pose given some depth map. To prevent over-fitting and to better exploit unlabeled depth maps, the generator and discriminator are trained jointly. At each iteration, the generator is updated with the back-propagated gradient from the discriminator to synthesize realistic depth maps of the articulated hand, while the discriminator benefits from an augmented training set of synthesized samples and unlabeled depth maps. The proposed discriminator network architecture is highly efficient and runs at 90fps on the CPU with accuracies comparable or better than state-of-art on 3 publicly available benchmarks.

Related Material


[pdf] [poster]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Wan_2017_CVPR,
author = {Wan, Chengde and Probst, Thomas and Van Gool, Luc and Yao, Angela},
title = {Crossing Nets: Combining GANs and VAEs With a Shared Latent Space for Hand Pose Estimation},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {July},
year = {2017}
}