Divide and Grow: Capturing Huge Diversity in Crowd Images With Incrementally Growing CNN

Deepak Babu Sam, Neeraj N. Sajjan, R. Venkatesh Babu, Mukundhan Srinivasan; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018, pp. 3618-3626

Abstract


Automated counting of people in crowd images is a challenging task. The major difficulty stems from the large diversity in the way people appear in crowds. In fact, features available for crowd discrimination largely depend on the crowd density to the extent that people are only seen as blobs in a highly dense scene. We tackle this problem with a growing CNN which can progressively increase its capacity to account for the wide variability seen in crowd scenes. Our model starts from a base CNN density regressor, which is trained in equivalence on all types of crowd images. In order to adapt with the huge diversity, we create two child regressors which are exact copies of the base CNN. A differential training procedure divides the dataset into two clusters and fine-tunes the child networks on their respective specialties. Consequently, without any hand-crafted criteria for forming specialties, the child regressors become experts on certain types of crowds. The child networks are again split recursively, creating two experts at every division. This hierarchical training leads to a CNN tree, where the child regressors are more fine experts than any of their parents. The leaf nodes are taken as the final experts and a classifier network is then trained to predict the correct specialty for a given test image patch. The proposed model achieves higher count accuracy on major crowd datasets. Further, we analyse the characteristics of specialties mined automatically by our method.

Related Material


[pdf] [Supp]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Sam_2018_CVPR,
author = {Babu Sam, Deepak and Sajjan, Neeraj N. and Venkatesh Babu, R. and Srinivasan, Mukundhan},
title = {Divide and Grow: Capturing Huge Diversity in Crowd Images With Incrementally Growing CNN},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2018}
}