Geometry-Aware Learning of Maps for Camera Localization

Samarth Brahmbhatt, Jinwei Gu, Kihwan Kim, James Hays, Jan Kautz; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018, pp. 2616-2625

Abstract


Maps are a key component in image-based camera localization and visual SLAM systems: they are used to establish geometric constraints between images, correct drift in relative pose estimation, and relocalize cameras after lost tracking. The exact definitions of maps, however, are often application-specific and hand-crafted for different scenarios (e.g. 3D landmarks, lines, planes, bags of visual words). We propose to represent maps as a deep neural net called MapNet, which enables learning a data-driven map representation. Unlike prior work on learning maps, MapNet exploits cheap and ubiquitous sensory inputs like visual odometry and GPS in addition to images and fuses them together for camera localization. Geometric constraints expressed by these inputs, which have traditionally been used in bundle adjustment or pose-graph optimization, are formulated as loss terms in MapNet training and also used during inference. In addition to directly improving localization accuracy, this allows us to update the MapNet (i.e., maps) in a self-supervised manner using additional unlabeled video sequences from the scene. We also propose a novel parameterization for camera rotation which is better suited for deep-learning based camera pose regression. Experimental results on both the indoor 7-Scenes and the outdoor Oxford RobotCar datasets show significant improvement over prior work. The MapNet project webpage is https://goo.gl/mRB3Au.

Related Material


[pdf] [Supp] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Brahmbhatt_2018_CVPR,
author = {Brahmbhatt, Samarth and Gu, Jinwei and Kim, Kihwan and Hays, James and Kautz, Jan},
title = {Geometry-Aware Learning of Maps for Camera Localization},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2018}
}