Real-Time Rotation-Invariant Face Detection With Progressive Calibration Networks

Xuepeng Shi, Shiguang Shan, Meina Kan, Shuzhe Wu, Xilin Chen; The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018, pp. 2295-2303

Abstract


Rotation-invariant face detection, i.e. detecting faces with arbitrary rotation-in-plane (RIP) angles, is widely required in unconstrained applications but still remains as a challenging task, due to the large variations of face appearances. Most existing methods compromise with speed or accuracy to handle the large RIP variations. To address this problem more efficiently, we propose Progressive Calibration Networks (PCN) to perform rotation-invariant face detection in a coarse-to-fine manner. PCN consists of three stages, each of which not only distinguishes the faces from non-faces, but also calibrates the RIP orientation of each face candidate to upright progressively. By dividing the calibration process into several progressive steps and only predicting coarse orientations in early stages, PCN can achieve precise and fast calibration. By performing binary classification of face vs. non-face with gradually decreasing RIP ranges, PCN can accurately detect faces with full $360^{circ}$ RIP angles. Such designs lead to a real-time rotation-invariant face detector. The experiments on multi-oriented FDDB and a challenging subset of WIDER FACE containing rotated faces in the wild show that our PCN achieves quite promising performance.

Related Material


[pdf] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Shi_2018_CVPR,
author = {Shi, Xuepeng and Shan, Shiguang and Kan, Meina and Wu, Shuzhe and Chen, Xilin},
title = {Real-Time Rotation-Invariant Face Detection With Progressive Calibration Networks},
booktitle = {The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
month = {June},
year = {2018}
}