Learning a Dictionary of Shape Epitomes with Applications to Image Labeling

Liang-Chieh Chen, George Papandreou, Alan L. Yuille; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2013, pp. 337-344


The first main contribution of this paper is a novel method for representing images based on a dictionary of shape epitomes. These shape epitomes represent the local edge structure of the image and include hidden variables to encode shift and rotations. They are learnt in an unsupervised manner from groundtruth edges. This dictionary is compact but is also able to capture the typical shapes of edges in natural images. In this paper, we illustrate the shape epitomes by applying them to the image labeling task. In other work, described in the supplementary material, we apply them to edge detection and image modeling. We apply shape epitomes to image labeling by using Conditional Random Field (CRF) Models. They are alternatives to the superpixel or pixel representations used in most CRFs. In our approach, the shape of an image patch is encoded by a shape epitome from the dictionary. Unlike the superpixel representation, our method avoids making early decisions which cannot be reversed. Our resulting hierarchical CRFs efficiently capture both local and global class co-occurrence properties. We demonstrate its quantitative and qualitative properties of our approach with image labeling experiments on two standard datasets: MSRC-21 and Stanford Background.

Related Material

author = {Chen, Liang-Chieh and Papandreou, George and Yuille, Alan L.},
title = {Learning a Dictionary of Shape Epitomes with Applications to Image Labeling},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2013}