Neighbor-to-Neighbor Search for Fast Coding of Feature Vectors

Nakamasa Inoue, Koichi Shinoda; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2013, pp. 1233-1240


Assigning a visual code to a low-level image descriptor, which we call code assignment, is the most computationally expensive part of image classification algorithms based on the bag of visual word (BoW) framework. This paper proposes a fast computation method, Neighbor-toNeighbor (NTN) search, for this code assignment. Based on the fact that image features from an adjacent region are usually similar to each other, this algorithm effectively reduces the cost of calculating the distance between a codeword and a feature vector. This method can be applied not only to a hard codebook constructed by vector quantization (NTN-VQ), but also to a soft codebook, a Gaussian mixture model (NTN-GMM). We evaluated this method on the PASCAL VOC 2007 classification challenge task. NTN-VQ reduced the assignment cost by 77.4% in super-vector coding, and NTN-GMM reduced it by 89.3% in Fisher-vector coding, without any significant degradation in classification performance.

Related Material

author = {Inoue, Nakamasa and Shinoda, Koichi},
title = {Neighbor-to-Neighbor Search for Fast Coding of Feature Vectors},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2013}