Weakly- and Semi-Supervised Learning of a Deep Convolutional Network for Semantic Image Segmentation

George Papandreou, Liang-Chieh Chen, Kevin P. Murphy, Alan L. Yuille; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 1742-1750

Abstract


Deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) trained on a large number of images with strong pixel-level annotations have recently significantly pushed the state-of-art in semantic image segmentation. We study the more challenging problem of learning DCNNs for semantic image segmentation from either (1) weakly annotated training data such as bounding boxes or image-level labels or (2) a combination of few strongly labeled and many weakly labeled images, sourced from one or multiple datasets. We develop Expectation-Maximization (EM) methods for semantic image segmentation model training under these weakly supervised and semi-supervised settings. Extensive experimental evaluation shows that the proposed techniques can learn models delivering competitive results on the challenging PASCAL VOC 2012 image segmentation benchmark, while requiring significantly less annotation effort. We share source code implementing the proposed system at https://bitbucket.org/deeplab/deeplab-public.

Related Material


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[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Papandreou_2015_ICCV,
author = {Papandreou, George and Chen, Liang-Chieh and Murphy, Kevin P. and Yuille, Alan L.},
title = {Weakly- and Semi-Supervised Learning of a Deep Convolutional Network for Semantic Image Segmentation},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}
}