Hyperpoints and Fine Vocabularies for Large-Scale Location Recognition

Torsten Sattler, Michal Havlena, Filip Radenovic, Konrad Schindler, Marc Pollefeys; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2015, pp. 2102-2110


Structure-based localization is the task of finding the absolute pose of a given query image w.r.t. a pre-computed 3D model. While this is almost trivial at small scale, special care must be taken as the size of the 3D model grows, because straight-forward descriptor matching becomes ineffective due to the large memory footprint of the model, as well as the strictness of the ratio test in 3D. Recently, several authors have tried to overcome these problems, either by a smart compression of the 3D model or by clever sampling strategies for geometric verification. Here we explore an orthogonal strategy, which uses all the 3D points and standard sampling, but performs feature matching implicitly, by quantization into a fine vocabulary. We show that although this matching is ambiguous and gives rise to 3D hyperpoints when matching each 2D query feature in isolation, a simple voting strategy, which enforces the fact that the selected 3D points shall be co-visible, can reliably find a locally unique 2D-3D point assignment. Experiments on two large-scale datasets demonstrate that our method achieves state-of-the-art performance, while the memory footprint is greatly reduced, since only visual word labels but no 3D point descriptors need to be stored.

Related Material

author = {Sattler, Torsten and Havlena, Michal and Radenovic, Filip and Schindler, Konrad and Pollefeys, Marc},
title = {Hyperpoints and Fine Vocabularies for Large-Scale Location Recognition},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {December},
year = {2015}