Deep Label Distribution Learning for Apparent Age Estimation

Xu Yang, Bin-Bin Gao, Chao Xing, Zeng-Wei Huo, Xiu-Shen Wei, Ying Zhou, Jianxin Wu, Xin Geng; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops, 2015, pp. 102-108


In the age estimation competition organized by ChaLearn, apparent ages of images are provided. Uncertainty of each apparent age is induced because each image is labeled by multiple individuals. Such uncertainty makes this age estimation task different from common chronological age estimation tasks. In this paper, we propose a method using deep CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) with distribution-based loss functions. Using distributions as the training tasks can exploit the uncertainty induced by manual labeling to learn a better model than using ages as the target. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the first attempts to use the distribution as the target of deep learning. In our method, two kinds of deep CNN models are built with different architectures. After pre-training each deep CNN model with different datasets as one corresponding stream, the competition dataset is then used to fine-tune both deep CNN models. Moreover, we fuse the results of two streams as the final predicted ages. In the final testing dataset provided by competition, the age estimation performance of our method is 0.3057, which is significantly better than the human-level performance (0.34) provided by the competition organizers.

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author = {Yang, Xu and Gao, Bin-Bin and Xing, Chao and Huo, Zeng-Wei and Wei, Xiu-Shen and Zhou, Ying and Wu, Jianxin and Geng, Xin},
title = {Deep Label Distribution Learning for Apparent Age Estimation},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops},
month = {December},
year = {2015}