Deep Clustering via Joint Convolutional Autoencoder Embedding and Relative Entropy Minimization

Kamran Ghasedi Dizaji, Amirhossein Herandi, Cheng Deng, Weidong Cai, Heng Huang; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 5736-5745

Abstract


In this paper, we propose a new clustering model, called DEeP Embedded RegularIzed ClusTering (DEPICT), which efficiently maps data into a discriminative embedding subspace and precisely predicts cluster assignments. DEPICT generally consists of a multinomial logistic regression function stacked on top of a multi-layer convolutional autoencoder. We define a clustering objective function using relative entropy (KL divergence) minimization, regularized by a prior for the frequency of cluster assignments. An alternating strategy is then derived to optimize the objective by updating parameters and estimating cluster assignments. Furthermore, we employ the reconstruction loss functions in our autoencoder, as a data-dependent regularization term, to prevent the deep embedding function from overfitting. In order to benefit from end-to-end optimization and eliminate the necessity for layer-wise pretraining, we introduce a joint learning framework to minimize the unified clustering and reconstruction loss functions together and train all network layers simultaneously. Experimental results indicate the superiority and faster running time of DEPICT in real-world clustering tasks, where no labeled data is available for hyper-parameter tuning.

Related Material


[pdf] [arXiv]
[bibtex]
@InProceedings{Dizaji_2017_ICCV,
author = {Ghasedi Dizaji, Kamran and Herandi, Amirhossein and Deng, Cheng and Cai, Weidong and Huang, Heng},
title = {Deep Clustering via Joint Convolutional Autoencoder Embedding and Relative Entropy Minimization},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}
}