Depth and Image Restoration From Light Field in a Scattering Medium

Jiandong Tian, Zachary Murez, Tong Cui, Zhen Zhang, David Kriegman, Ravi Ramamoorthi; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 2401-2410


Traditional imaging methods and computer vision algorithms are often ineffective when images are acquired in scattering media, such as underwater, fog, and biological tissue. Here, we explore the use of light field imaging and algorithms for image restoration and depth estimation that address the image degradation from the medium. Towards this end, we make the following three contributions. First, we present a new single image restoration algorithm which removes backscatter and attenuation from images better than existing methods, and apply it to each view in the light field. Second, we combine a novel transmission based depth cue with existing correspondence and defocus cues to improve light field depth estimation. In densely scattering media, our transmission depth cue is critical for depth estimation since the images have low signal to noise ratios which significantly degrades the performance of the correspondence and defocus cues. Finally, we propose shearing and refocusing multiple views of the light field to recover a single image of higher quality than what is possible from a single view. We demonstrate the benefits of our method through extensive experimental results in a water tank.

Related Material

author = {Tian, Jiandong and Murez, Zachary and Cui, Tong and Zhang, Zhen and Kriegman, David and Ramamoorthi, Ravi},
title = {Depth and Image Restoration From Light Field in a Scattering Medium},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}