Distributed Very Large Scale Bundle Adjustment by Global Camera Consensus

Runze Zhang, Siyu Zhu, Tian Fang, Long Quan; The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2017, pp. 29-38


The increasing scale of Structure-from-Motion is fundamentally limited by the conventional optimization framework for the all-in-one global bundle adjustment. In this paper, we propose a distributed approach to coping with this global bundle adjustment for very large scale Structure-from-Motion computation. First, we derive the distributed formulation from the classical optimization algorithm ADMM, Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers, based on the global camera consensus. Then, we analyze the conditions under which the convergence of this distributed optimization would be guaranteed. In particular, we adopt over-relaxation and self-adaption schemes to improve the convergence rate. After that, we propose to split the large scale camera-point visibility graph in order to reduce the communication overheads of the distributed computing. The experiments on both public large scale SfM data-sets and our very large scale aerial photo sets demonstrate that the proposed distributed method clearly outperforms the state-of-the-art method in efficiency and accuracy.

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author = {Zhang, Runze and Zhu, Siyu and Fang, Tian and Quan, Long},
title = {Distributed Very Large Scale Bundle Adjustment by Global Camera Consensus},
booktitle = {The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
month = {Oct},
year = {2017}