From Evaluation to Verification: Towards Task-Oriented Relevance Metrics for Pedestrian Detection in Safety-Critical Domains
Whenever a visual perception system is employed in safety-critical applications such as automated driving, a thorough, task-oriented experimental evaluation is necessary to guarantee safe system behavior. While most standard evaluation methods in computer vision provide a good comparability on benchmarks, they tend to fall short on assessing the system performance that is actually relevant for the given task. In our work, we consider pedestrian detection as a highly relevant perception task, and we argue that standard measures such as Intersection over Union (IoU) give insufficient results, mainly because they are insensitive to important physical cues including distance, speed, and direction of motion. Therefore, we investigate so-called relevance metrics, where specific domain knowledge is exploited to obtain a task-oriented performance measure focusing on distance in this initial work. Our experimental setup is based on the CARLA simulator and allows a controlled evaluation of the impact of that domain knowledge. Our first results indicate a linear decrease of the IoU related to the pedestrians' distance, leading to the proposal of a first relevance metric that is also conditioned on the distance.