Align and Prompt: Video-and-Language Pre-Training With Entity Prompts

Dongxu Li, Junnan Li, Hongdong Li, Juan Carlos Niebles, Steven C.H. Hoi; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 4953-4963


Video-and-language pre-training has shown promising improvements on various downstream tasks. Most previous methods capture cross-modal interactions with a transformer-based multimodal encoder, not fully addressing the misalignment between unimodal video and text features. Besides, learning fine-grained visual-language alignment usually requires off-the-shelf object detectors to provide object information, which is bottlenecked by the detector's limited vocabulary and expensive computation cost. We propose Align and Prompt: an efficient and effective video-and-language pre-training framework with better cross-modal alignment. First, we introduce a video-text contrastive (VTC) loss to align unimodal video-text features at the instance level, which eases the modeling of cross-modal interactions. Then, we propose a new visually-grounded pre-training task, prompting entity modeling (PEM), which aims to learn fine-grained region-entity alignment. To achieve this, we first introduce an entity prompter module, which is trained with VTC to produce the similarity between a video crop and text prompts instantiated with entity names. The PEM task then asks the model to predict the entity pseudo-labels (i.e normalized similarity scores) for randomly-selected video crops. The resulting pre-trained model achieves state-of-the-art performance on both text-video retrieval and videoQA, outperforming prior work by a substantial margin. Our code and pre-trained models are available at

Related Material

[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Li_2022_CVPR, author = {Li, Dongxu and Li, Junnan and Li, Hongdong and Niebles, Juan Carlos and Hoi, Steven C.H.}, title = {Align and Prompt: Video-and-Language Pre-Training With Entity Prompts}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {4953-4963} }