Stand-Alone Inter-Frame Attention in Video Models

Fuchen Long, Zhaofan Qiu, Yingwei Pan, Ting Yao, Jiebo Luo, Tao Mei; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2022, pp. 3192-3201


Motion, as the uniqueness of a video, has been critical to the development of video understanding models. Modern deep learning models leverage motion by either executing spatio-temporal 3D convolutions, factorizing 3D convolutions into spatial and temporal convolutions separately, or computing self-attention along temporal dimension. The implicit assumption behind such successes is that the feature maps across consecutive frames can be nicely aggregated. Nevertheless, the assumption may not always hold especially for the regions with large deformation. In this paper, we present a new recipe of inter-frame attention block, namely Stand-alone Inter-Frame Attention (SIFA), that novelly delves into the deformation across frames to estimate local self-attention on each spatial location. Technically, SIFA remoulds the deformable design via re-scaling the offset predictions by the difference between two frames. Taking each spatial location in the current frame as the query, the locally deformable neighbors in the next frame are regarded as the keys/values. Then, SIFA measures the similarity between query and keys as stand-alone attention to weighted average the values for temporal aggregation. We further plug SIFA block into ConvNets and Vision Transformer, respectively, to devise SIFA-Net and SIFA-Transformer. Extensive experiments conducted on four video datasets demonstrate the superiority of SIFA-Net and SIFA-Transformer as stronger backbones. More remarkably, SIFA-Transformer achieves an accuracy of 83.1% on Kinetics-400 dataset. Source code is available at

Related Material

@InProceedings{Long_2022_CVPR, author = {Long, Fuchen and Qiu, Zhaofan and Pan, Yingwei and Yao, Ting and Luo, Jiebo and Mei, Tao}, title = {Stand-Alone Inter-Frame Attention in Video Models}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2022}, pages = {3192-3201} }