Efficient Multi-Purpose Cross-Attention Based Image Alignment Block for Edge Devices
Image alignment, also known as image registration, is a critical block used in many computer vision problems. One of the key factors in alignment is efficiency, as inefficient aligners can cause significant overhead to the overall problem. In the literature, there are some blocks that appear to do the alignment operation, although most do not focus on efficiency. Therefore, an image alignment block which can both work in time and/or space and can work on edge devices would be beneficial for almost all networks dealing with multiple images. Given its wide usage and importance, we propose an efficient, cross-attention-based, multi-purpose image alignment block (XABA) suitable to work within edge devices. Using cross-attention, we exploit the relationships between features extracted from images. To make cross-attention feasible for real-time image alignment problems and handle large motions, we provide a pyramidal block based cross-attention scheme. This also captures local relationships besides reducing memory requirements and number of operations. Efficient XABA models achieve real-time requirements of running above 20 FPS performance on NVIDIA Jetson Xavier with 30W power consumption compared to other powerful computers. Used as a sub-block in a larger network, XABA also improves multi-image super-resolution network performance in comparison to other alignment methods.