An Erudite Fine-Grained Visual Classification Model

Dongliang Chang, Yujun Tong, Ruoyi Du, Timothy Hospedales, Yi-Zhe Song, Zhanyu Ma; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2023, pp. 7268-7277


Current fine-grained visual classification (FGVC) models are isolated. In practice, we first need to identify the coarse-grained label of an object, then select the corresponding FGVC model for recognition. This hinders the application of the FGVC algorithm in real-life scenarios. In this paper, we propose an erudite FGVC model jointly trained by several different datasets, which can efficiently and accurately predict an object's fine-grained label across the combined label space. We found through a pilot study that positive and negative transfers co-occur when different datasets are mixed for training, i.e., the knowledge from other datasets is not always useful. Therefore, we first propose a feature disentanglement module and a feature re-fusion module to reduce negative transfer and boost positive transfer between different datasets. In detail, we reduce negative transfer by decoupling the deep features through many dataset-specific feature extractors. Subsequently, these are channel-wise re-fused to facilitate positive transfer. Finally, we propose a meta-learning based dataset-agnostic spatial attention layer to take full advantage of the multi-dataset training data, given that localisation is dataset-agnostic between different datasets. Experimental results across 11 different mixed-datasets built on four different FGVC datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Furthermore, the proposed method can be easily combined with existing FGVC methods to obtain state-of-the-art results.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Chang_2023_CVPR, author = {Chang, Dongliang and Tong, Yujun and Du, Ruoyi and Hospedales, Timothy and Song, Yi-Zhe and Ma, Zhanyu}, title = {An Erudite Fine-Grained Visual Classification Model}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2023}, pages = {7268-7277} }