Certified Adversarial Robustness Within Multiple Perturbation Bounds

Soumalya Nandi, Sravanti Addepalli, Harsh Rangwani, R. Venkatesh Babu; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops, 2023, pp. 2298-2305


Randomized smoothing (RS) is a well known certified defense against adversarial attacks, which creates a smoothed classifier by predicting the most likely class under random noise perturbations of inputs during inference. While initial work focused on robustness to L2 norm perturbations using noise sampled from a Gaussian distribution, subsequent works have shown that different noise distributions can result in robustness to other Lp norm bounds as well. In general, a specific noise distribution is optimal for defending against a given Lp norm based attack. In this work, we aim to improve the certified adversarial robustness against multiple perturbation bounds simultaneously. Towards this, we firstly present a novel certification scheme, that effectively combines the certificates obtained using different noise distributions to obtain optimal results against multiple perturbation bounds. We further propose a novel training noise distribution along with a regularized training scheme to improve the certification within both L1 and L2 perturbation norms simultaneously. Contrary to prior works, we compare the certified robustness of different training algorithms across the same natural (clean) accuracy, rather than across fixed noise levels used for training and certification. We also empirically invalidate the argument that training and certifying the classifier with the same amount of noise gives the best results. The proposed approach achieves improvements on the ACR (Average Certified Radius) metric across both L1 and L2 perturbation bounds. Code available at https://github.com/val-iisc/NU-Certified-Robustness

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@InProceedings{Nandi_2023_CVPR, author = {Nandi, Soumalya and Addepalli, Sravanti and Rangwani, Harsh and Babu, R. Venkatesh}, title = {Certified Adversarial Robustness Within Multiple Perturbation Bounds}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops}, month = {June}, year = {2023}, pages = {2298-2305} }