- [pdf] [arXiv]
Harnessing the Power of Text-Image Contrastive Models for Automatic Detection of Online Misinformation
As growing usage of social media websites in the recent decades, the amount of news articles spreading online rapidly, resulting in an unprecedented scale of potentially fraudulent information. Although a plenty of studies have applied the supervised machine learning approaches to detect such content, the lack of gold standard training data has hindered the development. Analysing the single data format, either fake text description or fake image, is the mainstream direction for the current research. However, the misinformation in real-world scenario is commonly formed as a text-image pair where the news article/news title is described as text content, and usually followed by the related image. Given the strong ability of learning features without labelled data, contrastive learning, as a self-learning approach, has emerged and achieved success on the computer vision. In this paper, our goal is to explore the constrastive learning in the domain of misinformation identification. We developed a self-learning model and carried out the comprehensive experiments on a public data set named COSMOS. Comparing to the baseline classifier, our model shows the superior performance of non-matched image-text pair detection (approximately 10%) when the training data is insufficient. In addition, we observed the stability for contrsative learning and suggested the use of it offers large reductions in the number of training data, whilst maintaining comparable classification results.