ReCoRe: Regularized Contrastive Representation Learning of World Model

Rudra P.K. Poudel, Harit Pandya, Stephan Liwicki, Roberto Cipolla; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2024, pp. 22904-22913


While recent model-free Reinforcement Learning (RL) methods have demonstrated human-level effectiveness in gaming environments their success in everyday tasks like visual navigation has been limited particularly under significant appearance variations. This limitation arises from (i) poor sample efficiency and (ii) over-fitting to training scenarios. To address these challenges we present a world model that learns invariant features using (i) contrastive unsupervised learning and (ii) an intervention-invariant regularizer. Learning an explicit representation of the world dynamics i.e. a world model improves sample efficiency while contrastive learning implicitly enforces learning of invariant features which improves generalization. However the naive integration of contrastive loss to world models is not good enough as world-model-based RL methods independently optimize representation learning and agent policy. To overcome this issue we propose an intervention-invariant regularizer in the form of an auxiliary task such as depth prediction image denoising image segmentation etc. that explicitly enforces invariance to style interventions. Our method outperforms current state-of-the-art model-based and model-free RL methods and significantly improves on out-of-distribution point navigation tasks evaluated on the iGibson benchmark. With only visual observations we further demonstrate that our approach outperforms recent language-guided foundation models for point navigation which is essential for deployment on robots with limited computation capabilities. Finally we demonstrate that our proposed model excels at the sim-to-real transfer of its perception module on the Gibson benchmark.

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@InProceedings{Poudel_2024_CVPR, author = {Poudel, Rudra P.K. and Pandya, Harit and Liwicki, Stephan and Cipolla, Roberto}, title = {ReCoRe: Regularized Contrastive Representation Learning of World Model}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, month = {June}, year = {2024}, pages = {22904-22913} }