Vision Transformer With Progressive Sampling

Xiaoyu Yue, Shuyang Sun, Zhanghui Kuang, Meng Wei, Philip H.S. Torr, Wayne Zhang, Dahua Lin; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2021, pp. 387-396


Transformers with powerful global relation modeling abilities have been introduced to fundamental computer vision tasks recently. As a typical example, the Vision Transformer (ViT) directly applies a pure transformer architecture on image classification, by simply splitting images into tokens with a fixed length, and employing transformers to learn relations between these tokens. However, such naive tokenization could destruct object structures, assign grids to uninterested regions such as background, and introduce interference signals. To mitigate the above issues, in this paper, we propose an iterative and progressive sampling strategy to locate discriminative regions. At each iteration, embeddings of the current sampling step are fed into a transformer encoder layer, and a group of sampling offsets is predicted to update the sampling locations for the next step. The progressive sampling is differentiable. When combined with the Vision Transformer, the obtained PS-ViT network can adaptively learn where to look. The proposed PS-ViT is both effective and efficient. When trained from scratch on ImageNet, PS-ViT performs 3.8% higher than the vanilla ViT in terms of top-1 accuracy with about 4x fewer parameters and 10x fewer FLOPs. Code is available at

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[pdf] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Yue_2021_ICCV, author = {Yue, Xiaoyu and Sun, Shuyang and Kuang, Zhanghui and Wei, Meng and Torr, Philip H.S. and Zhang, Wayne and Lin, Dahua}, title = {Vision Transformer With Progressive Sampling}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2021}, pages = {387-396} }