Will Large-scale Generative Models Corrupt Future Datasets?

Ryuichiro Hataya, Han Bao, Hiromi Arai; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 20555-20565


Recently proposed large-scale text-to-image generative models such as DALLE 2, Midjourney, and StableDiffusion can generate high-quality and realistic images from users' prompts. Not limited to the research community, ordinary Internet users enjoy these generative models, and consequently, a tremendous amount of generated images have been shared on the Internet. Meanwhile, today's success of deep learning in the computer vision field owes a lot to images collected from the Internet. These trends lead us to a research question: "will such generated images impact the quality of future datasets and the performance of computer vision models positively or negatively?" This paper empirically answers this question by simulating contamination. Namely, we generate ImageNet-scale and COCO-scale datasets using a state-of-the-art generative model and evaluate models trained with "contaminated" datasets on various tasks, including image classification and image generation. Throughout experiments, we conclude that generated images negatively affect downstream performance, while the significance depends on tasks and the amount of generated images. The generated datasets and the codes for experiments will be publicly released for future research. Generated datasets and source codes are available from https://github.com/moskomule/dataset-contamination.

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@InProceedings{Hataya_2023_ICCV, author = {Hataya, Ryuichiro and Bao, Han and Arai, Hiromi}, title = {Will Large-scale Generative Models Corrupt Future Datasets?}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {20555-20565} }