Multi-granularity Interaction Simulation for Unsupervised Interactive Segmentation

Kehan Li, Yian Zhao, Zhennan Wang, Zesen Cheng, Peng Jin, Xiangyang Ji, Li Yuan, Chang Liu, Jie Chen; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 666-676


Interactive segmentation enables users to segment as needed by providing cues of objects, which introduces human-computer interaction for many fields, such as image editing and medical image analysis. Typically, massive and expansive pixel-level annotations are spent to train deep models by object-oriented interactions with manually labeled object masks. In this work, we reveal that informative interactions can be made by simulation with semantic-consistent yet diverse region exploration in an unsupervised paradigm. Concretely, we introduce a Multi-granularity Interaction Simulation (MIS) approach to open up a promising direction for unsupervised interactive segmentation. Drawing on the high-quality dense features produced by recent self-supervised models, we propose to gradually merge patches or regions with similar features to form more extensive regions and thus, every merged region serves as a semantic-meaningful multi-granularity proposal. By randomly sampling these proposals and simulating possible interactions based on them, we provide meaningful interaction at multiple granularities to teach the model to understand interactions. Our MIS significantly outperforms non-deep learning unsupervised methods and is even comparable with some previous deep-supervised methods without any annotation.

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[pdf] [supp] [arXiv]
@InProceedings{Li_2023_ICCV, author = {Li, Kehan and Zhao, Yian and Wang, Zhennan and Cheng, Zesen and Jin, Peng and Ji, Xiangyang and Yuan, Li and Liu, Chang and Chen, Jie}, title = {Multi-granularity Interaction Simulation for Unsupervised Interactive Segmentation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {666-676} }