Fully Attentional Networks with Self-emerging Token Labeling

Bingyin Zhao, Zhiding Yu, Shiyi Lan, Yutao Cheng, Anima Anandkumar, Yingjie Lao, Jose M. Alvarez; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 5585-5595


Recent studies indicate that Vision Transformers (ViTs) are robust against out-of-distribution scenarios. In particular, the Fully Attentional Network (FAN) - a family of ViT backbones, has achieved state-of-the-art robustness. In this paper, we revisit the FAN models and improve their pre-training with a self-emerging token labeling (STL) framework. Our method contains a two-stage training framework. Specifically, we first train a FAN token labeler (FAN-TL) to generate semantically meaningful patch token labels, followed by a FAN student model training stage that uses both the token labels and the original class label. With the proposed STL framework, our best model based on FAN-L-Hybrid (77.3M parameters) achieves 84.8% Top-1 accuracy and 42.1% mCE on ImageNet-1K and ImageNet-C, and sets a new state-of-the-art for ImageNet-A (46.1%) and ImageNet-R (56.6%) without using extra data, outperforming the original FAN counterpart by significant margins. The proposed framework also demonstrates significantly enhanced performance on downstream tasks such as semantic segmentation, with up to 1.7% improvement in robustness over the counterpart model.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Zhao_2023_ICCV, author = {Zhao, Bingyin and Yu, Zhiding and Lan, Shiyi and Cheng, Yutao and Anandkumar, Anima and Lao, Yingjie and Alvarez, Jose M.}, title = {Fully Attentional Networks with Self-emerging Token Labeling}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {5585-5595} }