TextPSG: Panoptic Scene Graph Generation from Textual Descriptions

Chengyang Zhao, Yikang Shen, Zhenfang Chen, Mingyu Ding, Chuang Gan; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2023, pp. 2839-2850


Panoptic Scene Graph has recently been proposed for comprehensive scene understanding. However, previous works adopt a fully-supervised learning manner, requiring large amounts of pixel-wise densely-annotated data, which is always tedious and expensive to obtain. To address this limitation, we study a new problem of Panoptic Scene Graph Generation from Purely Textual Descriptions (Caption-to-PSG). The key idea is to leverage the large collection of free image-caption data on the Web alone to generate panoptic scene graphs. The problem is very challenging for three constraints: 1) no location priors; 2) no explicit links between visual regions and textual entities; and 3) no pre-defined concept sets. To tackle this problem, we propose a new framework TextPSG consisting of four modules, i.e., a region grouper, an entity grounder, a segment merger, and a label generator, with several novel techniques. The region grouper first groups image pixels into different segments and the entity grounder then aligns visual segments with language entities based on the textual description of the segment being referred to. The grounding results can thus serve as pseudo labels enabling the segment merger to learn the segment similarity as well as guiding the label generator to learn object semantics and relation predicates, resulting in a fine-grained structured scene understanding. Our framework is effective, significantly outperforming the baselines and achieving strong out-of-distribution robustness. We perform comprehensive ablation studies to corroborate the effectiveness of our design choices and provide an in-depth analysis to highlight future directions. Our code, data, and results are available on our project page: https://vis-www.cs.umass.edu/TextPSG.

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@InProceedings{Zhao_2023_ICCV, author = {Zhao, Chengyang and Shen, Yikang and Chen, Zhenfang and Ding, Mingyu and Gan, Chuang}, title = {TextPSG: Panoptic Scene Graph Generation from Textual Descriptions}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, month = {October}, year = {2023}, pages = {2839-2850} }