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ShaRPy: Shape Reconstruction and Hand Pose Estimation from RGB-D with Uncertainty
Despite their potential, markerless hand tracking technologies are not yet applied in practice to the diagnosis or monitoring of the activity in inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases. One reason is that the focus of most methods lies in the reconstruction of coarse, plausible poses, whereas in the clinical context, accurate, interpretable, and reliable results are required. Therefore, we propose ShaRPy, the first RGB-D Shape Reconstruction and hand Pose tracking system, which provides uncertainty estimates of the computed pose, e.g., when a finger is hidden or its estimate is inconsistent with the observations in the input, to guide clinical decision-making. Besides pose, ShaRPy approximates a personalized hand shape, promoting a more realistic and intuitive understanding of its digital twin. Our method requires only a light-weight setup with a single consumer-level RGB-D camera yet it is able to distinguish similar poses with only small joint angle deviations in a metrically accurate space. This is achieved by combining a data-driven dense correspondence predictor with traditional energy minimization. To bridge the gap between interactive visualization and biomedical simulation we leverage a parametric hand model in which we incorporate biomedical constraints and optimize for both, its pose and hand shape parameters. We evaluate ShaRPy on a keypoint detection benchmark and show qualitative results of hand function assessments for activity monitoring of musculoskeletal diseases.