Weakly-Supervised Object Representation Learning for Few-Shot Semantic Segmentation

Xiaowen Ying, Xin Li, Mooi Choo Chuah; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2021, pp. 1497-1506


Training a semantic segmentation model requires large densely-annotated image datasets that are costly to obtain. Once the training is done, it is also difficult to add new object categories to such segmentation models. In this paper, we tackle the few-shot semantic segmentation problem, which aims to perform image segmentation task on unseen object categories merely based on one or a few support example(s). The key to solving this few-shot segmentation problem lies in effectively utilizing object information from support examples to separate target objects from the background in a query image. While existing methods typically generate object-level representations by averaging local features in support images, we demonstrate that such object representations are typically noisy and less distinguishing. To solve this problem, we design an object representation generator (ORG) module which can effectively aggregate local object features from support image(s) and produce better object-level representation. The ORG module can be embedded into the network and trained end-to-end in a weakly-supervised fashion without extra human annotation. We incorporate this design into a modified encoder-decoder network to present a powerful and efficient framework for few-shot semantic segmentation. Experimental results on the Pascal-VOC and MS-COCO datasets show that our approach achieves better performance compared to existing methods under both one-shot and five-shot settings.

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@InProceedings{Ying_2021_WACV, author = {Ying, Xiaowen and Li, Xin and Chuah, Mooi Choo}, title = {Weakly-Supervised Object Representation Learning for Few-Shot Semantic Segmentation}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2021}, pages = {1497-1506} }