Unsupervised Learning for Human Sensing Using Radio Signals

Tianhong Li, Lijie Fan, Yuan Yuan, Dina Katabi; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2022, pp. 3288-3297


There is a growing literature demonstrating the feasibility of using Radio Frequency (RF) signals to enable key computer vision tasks in the presence of occlusions and poor lighting. It leverages that RF signals traverse walls and occlusions to deliver through-wall pose estimation, action recognition, scene captioning, and human re-identification. However, unlike RGB datasets which can be labeled by human workers, labeling RF signals is a daunting task because such signals are not human interpretable. Yet, it is fairly easy to collect unlabelled RF signals. It would be highly beneficial to use such unlabeled RF data to learn useful representations in an unsupervised manner. Thus, in this paper, we explore the feasibility of adapting RGB-based unsupervised representation learning to RF signals. We show that while contrastive learning has emerged as the main technique for unsupervised representation learning from images and videos, such methods produce poor performance when applied to sensing humans using RF signals. In contrast, predictive unsupervised learning methods learn high-quality representations that can be used for multiple downstream RF-based sensing tasks. Our empirical results show that this approach outperforms state-of-the-art RF-based human sensing on various tasks, opening the possibility of unsupervised representation learning from this novel modality.

Related Material

@InProceedings{Li_2022_WACV, author = {Li, Tianhong and Fan, Lijie and Yuan, Yuan and Katabi, Dina}, title = {Unsupervised Learning for Human Sensing Using Radio Signals}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2022}, pages = {3288-3297} }