MisConv: Convolutional Neural Networks for Missing Data

Marcin Przewięźlikowski, Marek Śmieja, Łukasz Struski, Jacek Tabor; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2022, pp. 2060-2069


Processing of missing data by modern neural networks, such as CNNs, remains a fundamental, yet unsolved challenge, which naturally arises in many practical applications, like image inpainting or autonomous vehicles and robots. While imputation-based techniques are still one of the most popular solutions, they frequently introduce unreliable information to the data and do not take into account the uncertainty of estimation, which may be destructive for a machine learning model. In this paper, we present MisConv, a general mechanism, for adapting various CNN architectures to process incomplete images. By modeling the distribution of missing values by the Mixture of Factor Analyzers, we cover the spectrum of possible replacements and find an analytical formula for the expected value of convolution operator applied to the incomplete image. The whole framework is realized by matrix operations, which makes MisConv extremely efficient in practice. Experiments performed on various image processing tasks demonstrate that MisConv achieves superior or comparable performance to the state-of-the-art methods.

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@InProceedings{Przewiezlikowski_2022_WACV, author = {Przewi\k{e}\'zlikowski, Marcin and \'Smieja, Marek and Struski, {\L}ukasz and Tabor, Jacek}, title = {MisConv: Convolutional Neural Networks for Missing Data}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2022}, pages = {2060-2069} }