Intention-Conditioned Long-Term Human Egocentric Action Anticipation
To anticipate how a person would act in the future, it is essential to understand the human intention since it guides the subject towards a certain action. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical architecture which assumes a sequence of human action (low-level) can be driven from the human intention (high-level). Based on this, we deal with long-term action anticipation task in egocentric videos. Our framework first extracts this low- and high-level human information over the observed human actions in a video through a Hierarchical Multi-task Multi-Layer Perceptrons Mixer (H3M). Then, we constrain the uncertainty of the future through an Intention-Conditioned Variational Auto-Encoder (I-CVAE) that generates multiple stable predictions of the next actions that the observed human might perform. By leveraging human intention as high-level information, we claim that our model is able to anticipate more time-consistent actions in the long-term, thus improving the results over the baseline in Ego4D dataset. This work results in the state-of-the-art for Long-Term Anticipation (LTA) task in Ego4D by providing more plausible anticipated sequences, improving the anticipation scores of nouns and actions. Our work ranked first in both CVPR@2022 and ECCV@2022 Ego4D LTA Challenge.