Improving Open-Set Semi-Supervised Learning With Self-Supervision

Erik Wallin, Lennart Svensson, Fredrik Kahl, Lars Hammarstrand; Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2024, pp. 2356-2365


Open-set semi-supervised learning (OSSL) embodies a practical scenario within semi-supervised learning, wherein the unlabeled training set encompasses classes absent from the labeled set. Many existing OSSL methods assume that these out-of-distribution data are harmful and put effort into excluding data belonging to unknown classes from the training objective. In contrast, we propose an OSSL framework that facilitates learning from all unlabeled data through self-supervision. Additionally, we utilize an energy-based score to accurately recognize data belonging to the known classes, making our method well-suited for handling uncurated data in deployment. We show through extensive experimental evaluations that our method yields state-of-the-art results on many of the evaluated benchmark problems in terms of closed-set accuracy and open-set recognition when compared with existing methods for OSSL. Our code is available at

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@InProceedings{Wallin_2024_WACV, author = {Wallin, Erik and Svensson, Lennart and Kahl, Fredrik and Hammarstrand, Lars}, title = {Improving Open-Set Semi-Supervised Learning With Self-Supervision}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)}, month = {January}, year = {2024}, pages = {2356-2365} }