CNN-PS: CNN-based Photometric Stereo for General Non-Convex Surfaces

Satoshi Ikehata; Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 3-18


Most conventional photometric stereo algorithms inversely solve a BRDF-based image formation model. However, the actual imaging process is often far more complex due to the global light transport on the non-convex surfaces. This paper presents a photometric stereo network that directly learns relationships between the photometric stereo input and surface normals of a scene. For handling unordered, arbitrary number of input images, we merge all the input data to the intermediate representation called {it observation map} that has a fixed shape, is able to be fed into a CNN. To improve both training and prediction phases, we take into account the rotational pseudo-invariance of the observation map that is derived from the isotropic constraint. For training the network, we create a synthetic photometric stereo dataset that is generated by a physics-based renderer, therefore the global light transport is considered. Our experimental results on both synthetic and real datasets show that our method outperforms conventional BRDF-based photometric stereo algorithms especially when scenes are highly non-convex.

Related Material

author = {Ikehata, Satoshi},
title = {CNN-PS: CNN-based Photometric Stereo for General Non-Convex Surfaces},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}